Material and shape derivative method for quasi-linear elliptic systems with applications in inverse electromagnetic interface problems. (English) Zbl 1247.78060

Summary: We study a shape optimization problem for quasi-linear elliptic systems. The state equations describe an interface problem, and the ultimate goal of our research is to determine the interface between two materials with different physical properties. The interface is identified by the minimization of the shape (or the cost) functional representing the misfit between data and simulations. For shape sensitivity of the shape functional, we elaborate the material and the shape derivative method. In this concept, a vector field is introduced that deforms the unknown shape toward the optimum. We characterize the elliptic interface problems whose solutions give the material and the shape derivatives. In particular, we show the existence of weak as well as strong material derivatives. Further, we employ the adjoint variable method to obtain an explicit expression for the gradient of the shape functional. This gradient is then used for the actual implementation of the minimization algorithm. In simulations, we use the level set method for the representation of the interface. We present the simulation results showing the reconstructed voids in the nonlinear ferromagnetic material from near-boundary measurements of magnetic induction.


78M50 Optimization problems in optics and electromagnetic theory
78A45 Diffraction, scattering
65M32 Numerical methods for inverse problems for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
49Q12 Sensitivity analysis for optimization problems on manifolds
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