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Two operations of merging and splitting components in a chain graph. (English) Zbl 1252.62058

Summary: We study two operations of merging components in a chain graph, which appear to be elementary operations yielding an equivalent graph in the respective sense. At first, we recall basic results on the operation of feasible merging components, which is related to classic LWF (Lauritzen, Wermuth and Frydenberg) Markov equivalence of chain graphs. These results are used to get a graphical characterisation of factorisation equivalence of classic chain graphs. As another example of the use of this operation, we derive some important invariants of LWF Markov equivalence of chain graphs. Last, we recall analogous basic results on the operation of legal merging components. This operation is related to the so-called strong equivalence of chain graphs, which includes both classic LWF equivalence and alternative AMP (Andersson, Madigan and Perlman) Markov equivalence.

MSC:

62H05 Characterization and structure theory for multivariate probability distributions; copulas
05C90 Applications of graph theory
05C99 Graph theory
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References:

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