Toxicity profiling of engineered nanomaterials via multivariate dose-response surface modeling. (English) Zbl 1257.62109

Summary: New generation in vitro high-throughput screening (HTS) assays for the assessment of engineered nanomaterials provide an opportunity to learn how these particles interact at the cellular level, particularly in relation to injury pathways. These types of assays are often characterized by small sample sizes, high measurement error and high dimensionality, as multiple cytotoxicity outcomes are measured across an array of doses and durations of exposure. We propose a probability model for the toxicity profiling of engineered nanomaterials. A hierarchical structure is used to account for the multivariate nature of the data by modeling dependence between outcomes and thereby combining information across cytotoxicity pathways. In this framework we are able to provide a flexible surface-response model that provides inference and generalizations of various classical risk assessment parameters. We discuss applications of this model to data on eight nanoparticles evaluated in relation to four cytotoxicity parameters.


62P10 Applications of statistics to biology and medical sciences; meta analysis
92C50 Medical applications (general)
62P30 Applications of statistics in engineering and industry; control charts


Full Text: DOI arXiv Euclid


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