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On a possible approach to general field theories with nonpolynomial interactions. (English) Zbl 1258.81061

Summary: In this work, a class of field theories with self-interactions described by a potential of the kind \(V (\phi(x) - \phi(x_0))\) is studied. \(\phi\) is a massive scalar field and \(x, x_0\) are points in a \(d\)-dimensional space. Under the condition that the potential admits the Fourier representation, it is shown that such theories may be mapped into a standard field theory, in which the interaction of the new fields is a polynomial of fourth degree. With some restrictions, this mapping allows the perturbative treatment of models that are otherwise intractable with standard field theoretical methods.
A nonperturbative approach to these theories is attempted. The original scalar field \(\phi\) is integrated out exactly at the price of introducing auxiliary vector fields. The latter are treated in a mean field theory approximation. The singularities that arise after the elimination of the auxiliary fields are cured using the dimensional regularization. The expression of the counterterms to be subtracted is computed.

MSC:

81T10 Model quantum field theories
81T16 Nonperturbative methods of renormalization applied to problems in quantum field theory
70S05 Lagrangian formalism and Hamiltonian formalism in mechanics of particles and systems
81S40 Path integrals in quantum mechanics
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