A closed form solution for quantum oscillator perturbations using Lie algebras. (English) Zbl 1264.81168

Summary: We give a new solution to a well-known problem, that of computing perturbed eigenvalues for quantum oscillators. This article is nearly self contained and begins with all the necessary algebraic tools to make the subsequent calculations. We define a new family of Lie algebras relevant to making computations for perturbed (anharmonic) oscillators, and show that the only two formally closed solutions are indeed harmonic oscillators themselves. Through elementary combinatorics and noncanonical forms of well-known Lie algebras, we are able to obtain a fully closed form solution for perturbed eigenvalues to first order.


81Q05 Closed and approximate solutions to the Schrödinger, Dirac, Klein-Gordon and other equations of quantum mechanics
81R10 Infinite-dimensional groups and algebras motivated by physics, including Virasoro, Kac-Moody, \(W\)-algebras and other current algebras and their representations
81Q15 Perturbation theories for operators and differential equations in quantum theory
37K30 Relations of infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian and Lagrangian dynamical systems with infinite-dimensional Lie algebras and other algebraic structures
70G65 Symmetries, Lie group and Lie algebra methods for problems in mechanics
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