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Periodic integrals and tautological systems. (English) Zbl 1272.14033
The authors’ purpose of this important paper is to study period integrals and deformations of \(CY\) complete intersections in homogeneous spaces. They mostly restrict to partial flag varieties. After clear and very intuitive introduction the authors prove that the universal family of \(CY\) manifolds is deformation complete. Next, they give an explicit construction of \(D\)-modules that governs the period integrals. In order to achieve this construction they introduce a special type of differential systems called tautological. More precisely, for a fixed reductive algebraic group \(G\), to every \(G\)-variety \(X\) equipped with a very ample equivariant line bundle \(L\), they attach a system of differential operators defined on \(H^0(X,L)\), depending on a group character. They show that the system is regular holonomic when \(X\) is a homogeneous space. A number of illuminating examples are discussed. In the last section of the paper, they discuss several numerical examples and their solutions.

MSC:
14J32 Calabi-Yau manifolds (algebro-geometric aspects)
14M15 Grassmannians, Schubert varieties, flag manifolds
14J45 Fano varieties
34M55 Painlevé and other special ordinary differential equations in the complex domain; classification, hierarchies
14D05 Structure of families (Picard-Lefschetz, monodromy, etc.)
33C80 Connections of hypergeometric functions with groups and algebras, and related topics
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References:
[1] Adolphson, A.: Hypergeometric functions and rings generated by monomials. Duke Math. J. 73, 269-290 (1994) · Zbl 0804.33013 · doi:10.1215/S0012-7094-94-07313-4
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