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Preliminaries to classical first-order model theory. (English) Zbl 1276.03030
Summary: First of a series of articles laying down the bases for classical first-order model theory. These articles introduce a framework for treating arbitrary languages with equality. This framework is kept as generic and modular as possible: both the language and the derivation rule are introduced as a type, rather than a fixed functor; definitions and results regarding syntax, semantics, interpretations and sequent derivation rules, respectively, are confined to separate articles, to mark out the hierarchy of dependences among different definitions and constructions.
As an application limited to countable languages, satisfiability theorem and a full version of the Gödel completeness theorem are delivered, with respect to a fixed, remarkably thrifty, set of correct rules. Besides the self-referential significance for the Mizar project itself of those theorems being formalized with respect to a generic, equality-furnished, countable language, this is the first step to work out other milestones of model theory, such as Löwenheim-Skolem and compactness theorems. Being the receptacle of all results of broader scope stemmed during the various formalizations, this first article stays at a very generic level, with results and registrations about objects already in the Mizar Mathematical Library.
Without introducing the Language structure yet, three fundamental definitions of wide applicability are also given: the ‘unambiguous’ attribute, the functor ‘-multiCat’, which is the iteration of ‘\^{}’ over a FinSequence of FinSequence, and the functor SubstWith, which realizes the substitution of a single symbol inside a generic FinSequence.

MSC:
03C07 Basic properties of first-order languages and structures
03B35 Mechanization of proofs and logical operations
68T15 Theorem proving (deduction, resolution, etc.) (MSC2010)
Software:
Mizar
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