Analysis of chaotic oscillations induced in two coupled Wilson-Cowan models. (English) Zbl 1294.92010

Summary: Although it is known that two coupled Wilson-Cowan models with reciprocal connections induce aperiodic oscillations, little attention has been paid to the dynamical mechanism for such oscillations so far. In this study, we aim to elucidate the fundamental mechanism to induce the aperiodic oscillations in the coupled model. First, aperiodic oscillations observed are investigated for the case when the connections are unidirectional and when the input signal is a periodic oscillation. By the phase portrait analysis, we determine that the aperiodic oscillations are caused by periodically forced state transitions between a stable equilibrium and a stable limit cycle attractors around the saddle-node and saddle separatrix loop bifurcation points. It is revealed that the dynamical mechanism where the state crosses over the saddle-node and saddle separatrix loop bifurcations significantly contributes to the occurrence of chaotic oscillations forced by a periodic input. In addition, this mechanism can also give rise to chaotic oscillations in reciprocally connected Wilson-Cowan models. These results suggest that the dynamic attractor transition underlies chaotic behaviors in two coupled Wilson-Cowan oscillators.


92C20 Neural biology
37N25 Dynamical systems in biology
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