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A new statistic on the hyperoctahedral groups. (English) Zbl 1295.05038
Summary: We introduce a new statistic on the hyperoctahedral groups (Coxeter groups of type B), and give a conjectural formula for its signed distributions over arbitrary descent classes. The statistic is analogous to the classical Coxeter length function, and features a parity condition. For descent classes which are singletons the conjectured formula gives the Poincaré polynomials of the varieties of symmetric matrices of fixed rank. For several descent classes we prove the conjectural formula. For this we construct suitable supporting sets for the relevant generating functions. We prove cancellations on the complements of these supporting sets using suitably defined sign reversing involutions.

##### MSC:
 05A15 Exact enumeration problems, generating functions 05A05 Permutations, words, matrices 11M41 Other Dirichlet series and zeta functions
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