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Fourteen limit cycles in a seven-degree nilpotent system. (English) Zbl 1298.34062

Summary: Center conditions and the bifurcation of limit cycles for a seven-degree polynomial differential system in which the origin is a nilpotent critical point are studied. Using the computer algebra system Mathematica, the first 14 quasi-Lyapunov constants of the origin are obtained, and then the conditions for the origin to be a center and the 14th-order fine focus are derived, respectively. Finally, we prove that the system has 14 limit cycles bifurcated from the origin under a small perturbation. As far as we know, this is the first example of a seven-degree system with 14 limit cycles bifurcated from a nilpotent critical point.

MSC:

34C07 Theory of limit cycles of polynomial and analytic vector fields (existence, uniqueness, bounds, Hilbert’s 16th problem and ramifications) for ordinary differential equations
34C05 Topological structure of integral curves, singular points, limit cycles of ordinary differential equations
34C23 Bifurcation theory for ordinary differential equations

Software:

Mathematica
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References:

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