Surfactant effects on bubble motion and bubbly flows. (English) Zbl 1299.76277

Davis, Stephen H. (ed.) et al., Annual review of fluid mechanics. Vol. 43. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews (ISBN 978-0-8243-0743-1/hbk). Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 43, 615-636 (2011).
Summary: Small amounts of surfactant can drastically change bubble behavior. For example, a bubble in aqueous surfactant solution rises much slower than one in purified water. This phenomenon is explained by the so-called Marangoni effect caused by a nonuniform concentration distribution of surfactant along the bubble surface. In other words, a tangential shear stress appears on the bubble surface due to the surface tension variation caused by the surface concentration distribution, which results in the reduction of the rising velocity of the bubble. More interestingly, this Marangoni effect influences not only the rising velocity, but also the lateral migration in the presence of mean shear. Furthermore, these phenomena influence the multiscale nature of bubbly flows and cause a drastic change in the bubbly flow structure. In this article, we review the recent studies related to these interesting behaviors of bubbles caused by the surfactant adsorption/desorption on the bubble surface.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1208.00024].


76T10 Liquid-gas two-phase flows, bubbly flows
76F10 Shear flows and turbulence
76E30 Nonlinear effects in hydrodynamic stability
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