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Counterexamples to \(C^{\infty}\) well posedness for some hyperbolic operators with triple characteristics. (English) Zbl 1316.35170

Summary: In this paper we prove a well posed and an ill posed result in the Gevrey category for a simple model hyperbolic operator with triple characteristics, when the principal symbol cannot be smoothly factorized, and whose propagation cone is not transversal to the triple characteristic manifold, thus confirming the conjecture that the Ivrii-Petkov condition is not sufficient for the \(C^{\infty}\) well posedness unless the propagation cone is transversal to the characteristic manifold, albeit for a limited class of operators. Moreover we are able not only to disprove \(C^{\infty}\) well posedness, but we can actually estimate the precise Gevrey threshold where well posedness will cease to hold.

MSC:

35L30 Initial value problems for higher-order hyperbolic equations
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