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Harmonic analysis on the proper velocity gyrogroup. (English) Zbl 1354.43006

Summary: In this article we study harmonic analysis on the proper velocity (PV) gyrogroup using the gyrolanguage of analytic hyperbolic geometry. This PV addition is the relativistic addition of proper velocities in special relativity, and it is related with the hyperboloid model of hyperbolic geometry. The generalized harmonic analysis depends on a complex parameter \(z\) and on the radius \(t\) of the hyperboloid, and it comprises the study of the generalized translation operator, the associated convolution operator, the generalized Laplace-Beltrami operator and its eigenfunctions, the generalized Poisson transform and its inverse, the generalized Helgason-Fourier transform and its inverse, and Plancherel’s theorem. In the limit of large \(t\), \(t\rightarrow+\infty\), the generalized harmonic analysis on the hyperboloid tends to the standard Euclidean harmonic analysis on \({\mathbb{R}}^{n}\), thus unifying hyperbolic and Euclidean harmonic analysis.

MSC:

43A85 Harmonic analysis on homogeneous spaces
43A30 Fourier and Fourier-Stieltjes transforms on nonabelian groups and on semigroups, etc.
43A90 Harmonic analysis and spherical functions
44A35 Convolution as an integral transform
20N05 Loops, quasigroups
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