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Porous medium equation and fast diffusion equation as gradient systems. (English) Zbl 1363.35083
Summary: We show that the porous medium equation and the fast diffusion equation, \(\dot u-\Delta u^m=f\), with \(m\in (0,\infty)\), can be modeled as a gradient system in the Hilbert space \(H^{-1}(\Omega)\), and we obtain existence and uniqueness of solutions in this framework. We deal with bounded and certain unbounded open sets \(\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n\) and do not require any boundary regularity. Moreover, the approach is used to discuss the asymptotic behaviour and order preservation of solutions.

MSC:
35G25 Initial value problems for nonlinear higher-order PDEs
47J35 Nonlinear evolution equations
47H99 Nonlinear operators and their properties
34G20 Nonlinear differential equations in abstract spaces
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