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Quantile processes for semi and nonparametric regression. (English) Zbl 1373.62151

Summary: A collection of quantile curves provides a complete picture of conditional distributions. A properly centered and scaled version of the estimated curves at various quantile levels gives rise to the so-called quantile regression process (QRP). In this paper, we establish weak convergence of QRP in a general series approximation framework, which includes linear models with increasing dimension, nonparametric models and partial linear models. An interesting consequence is obtained in the last class of models, where parametric and non-parametric estimators are shown to be asymptotically independent. Applications of our general process convergence results include the construction of non-crossing quantile curves and the estimation of conditional distribution functions. As a result of independent interest, we obtain a series of Bahadur representations with exponential bounds for tail probabilities of all remainder terms. Bounds of this kind are potentially useful in analyzing statistical inference procedures under the divide-and-conquer setup.

MSC:

62G08 Nonparametric regression and quantile regression
62F12 Asymptotic properties of parametric estimators
62G20 Asymptotic properties of nonparametric inference
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