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Modulus of continuity for polymer fluctuations and weight profiles in Poissonian last passage percolation. (English) Zbl 1439.82014
Summary: In last passage percolation models, the energy of a path is maximized over all directed paths with given endpoints in a random environment, and the maximizing paths are called geodesics. The geodesics and their energy can be scaled so that transformed geodesics cross unit distance and have fluctuations and scaled energy of unit order. Here we consider Poissonian last passage percolation, a model lying in the KPZ universality class, and refer to scaled geodesics as polymers and their scaled energies as weights. Polymers may be viewed as random functions of the vertical coordinate and, when they are, we show that they have modulus of continuity whose order is at most $$t^{2/3}\big(\log t^{-1}\big)^{1/3}$$. The power of one-third in the logarithm may be expected to be sharp and in a related problem we show that it is: among polymers in the unit box whose endpoints have vertical separation $$t$$ (and a horizontal separation of the same order), the maximum transversal fluctuation has order $$t^{2/3}\big(\log t^{-1}\big)^{1/3}$$. Regarding the orthogonal direction, in which growth occurs, we show that, when one endpoint of the polymer is fixed at $$(0,0)$$ and the other is varied vertically over $$(0,z)$$, $$z\in [1,2]$$, the resulting random weight profile has sharp modulus of continuity of order $$t^{1/3}\big(\log t^{-1}\big)^{2/3}$$. In this way, we identify exponent pairs of $$(2/3,1/3)$$ and $$(1/3,2/3)$$ in power law and polylogarithmic correction, respectively for polymer fluctuation, and polymer weight under vertical endpoint perturbation. The two exponent pairs describe [A. Hammond, Commun. Math. Phys. 310, No. 2, 455–509 (2012; Zbl 1242.82016); Ann. Probab. 40, No. 3, 921–978 (2012; Zbl 1271.60021); J. Stat. Phys. 142, No. 2, 229–276 (2011; Zbl 1209.82018)] the fluctuation of the boundary separating two phases in subcritical planar random cluster models.
##### MSC:
 82B23 Exactly solvable models; Bethe ansatz 82C23 Exactly solvable dynamic models in time-dependent statistical mechanics 60K35 Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory 82C43 Time-dependent percolation in statistical mechanics 82D60 Statistical mechanical studies of polymers
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