Spiders everywhere. (English) Zbl 1454.05068

Summary: A spider is a tree with at most one branch (a vertex of degree at least 3) centred at the branch if it exists, and centred at any vertex otherwise. A graph \(G\) is arachnoid if for any vertex \(v\) of \(G\), there exists a spanning spider of \(G\) centred at \(v\) – in other words: there are spiders everywhere! Hypotraceable graphs are non-traceable graphs in which all vertex-deleted subgraphs are traceable. L. Gargano et al. [Discrete Math. 285, No. 1–3, 83–95 (2004; Zbl 1044.05048)] defined arachnoid graphs as natural generalisations of traceable graphs and asked for the existence of arachnoid graphs that are (i) non-traceable and non-hypotraceable, or (ii) in which some vertex is the centre of only spiders with more than three legs. An affirmative answer to (ii) implies an affirmative answer to (i). While non-traceable, non-hypotraceable arachnoid graphs were described in [G. Wiener, J. Graph Theory 84, No. 4, 443–459 (2017; Zbl 1359.05072)], (ii) remained open. In this paper we give an affirmative answer to this question and discuss spanning spiders whose legs must have some minimum length.


05C45 Eulerian and Hamiltonian graphs
05C05 Trees
Full Text: DOI


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