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Percolation techniques in disordered spin flip dynamics: Relaxation to the unique invariant measure. (English) Zbl 0851.60096
Summary: We consider lattice spin systems with short range but random and unbounded interactions. We give criteria for ergodicity of spin flip dynamics and estimate the speed of convergence to the unique invariant measure. We find for this convergence a stretched exponential in time for a class of “directed” dynamics (such as in the disordered Toom or Stavskaya model). For the general case, we show that the relaxation is faster than any power in time. No assumptions of reversibility are made. The methods are based on relating the problem to an oriented percolation problem (contact process) and (for the general case) using a slightly modified version of the multiscale analysis of e.g. A. Klein [Ann. Probab. 22, No. 3, 1227-1251 (1994; Zbl 0814.60098)].

MSC:
60K35 Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory
82B43 Percolation
82C31 Stochastic methods (Fokker-Planck, Langevin, etc.) applied to problems in time-dependent statistical mechanics
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