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A low-dissipation DG method for the under-resolved simulation of low Mach number turbulent flows. (English) Zbl 1442.65270
Summary: In recent years the use of high-order Discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods for the under-resolved direct numerical simulations (uDNS) of turbulent flows has received special attention. The suitability of the approach for this kind of applications is related to the dissipation and dispersion proprieties of the scheme: while the dispersion errors are small over a broad range of frequencies, a relevant dissipation error mainly acts at the smallest under-resolved scales, resembling a high frequency filter. Nevertheless, it was recognized [D. Flad and G. Gassner, J. Comput. Phys. 350, 782–795 (2017; Zbl 1380.76019); G. Mengaldo et al., Comput. Fluids 169, 349–364 (2018; Zbl 1410.76103)] that the choice of the interface convective numerical flux strongly affects this dissipation behaviour and ultimately the success of the uDNS approach. In this regard, the excess of numerical dissipation caused by some upwind numerical convective fluxes must be avoided, in particular when dealing with low-speed flows, since this behaviour is exacerbated approaching the incompressibility limit. Fixes for the excess of numerical dissipation of these schemes have been proposed by several authors in the context of different numerical methods, see for example [J. M. Weiss and W. A. Smith, AIAA J. 33, No. 11, 2050–2057 (1995; Zbl 0849.76072)]. In this work a simple modification of the dissipation term of the low Mach preconditioned Roe scheme proposed by Weiss and Smith is considered. The aim is to reduce further the amount of numerical dissipation with the intent of improving the results of uDNS. A spatial DG discretization coupled with a linearly-implicit Rosenbrock-type time integrator is here considered as a numerical framework perfectly suited for the assessment and comparison of different numerical flux functions. Results on canonical turbulent flow problems as the Taylor-Green vortex and the flow in a straight sided channel are presented. The improved accuracy of the proposed flux function is demonstrated. The new low-dissipation flux can be useful also in the context of standard, lower order, finite volume methods.
65M60 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
76D05 Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids
76M10 Finite element methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics
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