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**A brief biography of historian of mathematics Mei Rongzhao.**
*(Chinese.
English summary)*
Zbl 1374.01013

Summary: Mei Rongzhao (1935–2015) was a well-known Chinese historian of mathematics. In 1957, after graduating from the Department of Mathematics of Sun Yat-sen University, Mei was assigned to the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences in China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to study and research the history of mathematics in China. From 1958 to 1966, he was involved in the writing of A History of Mathematics in China, mainly edited by Qian Baocong, as well as a monographic study of history of mathematics in the Song and Yuan dynasties. Mei Rongzhao also translated the mathematics section in Volume 3 of Science and Civilisation in China, written by Joseph Needham. After the Cultural Revolution, he was the first one who proposed the study of Liu Hui. In the 1980s, he organized a monographic study of the history of mathematics of the Ming and Qing dynasties, and collated and annotated Suan Fa Tong Zong with Li Zhaohua. Mei Rongzhao’s research work covered every important period of history of mathematics in pre-modern China, including the Han dynasty, Northern and Southern dynasties, Song and Yuan dynasties, and Ming and Qing dynasties. In addition, Mei Rongzhao’s research on Liu Hui and mathematical theories in ancient China are especially remarkable, and have had a great influence on the research of history of mathematics in China. Mei Rongzhao made important achievements in the study of many areas, including Li Ye, Mei Wending, the history of the abacus, and the mathematics of the Mohist Canons.