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On rainbow quadrilaterals in colored point sets. (English) Zbl 07593903

Summary: Let \(S\) be a set of \(n\) points on the plane in general position whose elements have been colored with \(k\) colors. A rainbow polygon of \(S\) is a polygon such that all of its vertices are elements of \(S\) and have different colors. In this paper we give \(O(k n^2)\)-time algorithms to solve the following problems: find a minimum(maximum)-area rainbow triangle, and a minimum(maximum)-area rainbow quadrilateral of \(S\), \(k \ge 3\). We also present an \(O(n^2)\)-time algorithm to determine if a 4-colored point set contains a convex rainbow quadrilateral, and an \(O(n^3)\)-time algorithm to determine if a 4-colored point set contains an empty rainbow quadrilateral, whether convex or not.

MSC:

68Uxx Computing methodologies and applications
68Qxx Theory of computing
52Axx General convexity
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