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A neuro-augmented observer for robust fault detection in nonlinear systems. (English) Zbl 1264.93234

Summary: A new fault detection method using neural-networks-augmented state observer for nonlinear systems is presented in this paper. The novelty of the approach is that instead of approximating the entire nonlinear system with neural network, we only approximate the unmodeled part that is left over after linearization, in which a radial basis function (RBF) neural network is adopted. Compared with conventional linear observer, the proposed observer structure provides more accurate estimation of the system state. The state estimation error is proved to asymptotically approach zero by the Lyapunov method. An aircraft system demonstrates the efficiency of the proposed fault detection scheme, simulation results of which show that the proposed RBF neural network-based observer scheme is effective and has a potential application in fault detection and identification (FDI) for nonlinear systems.

MSC:

93E10 Estimation and detection in stochastic control theory
93C83 Control/observation systems involving computers (process control, etc.)
93B07 Observability
94C12 Fault detection; testing in circuits and networks
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