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Poincaré on clocks in motion. (English) Zbl 1294.83002

Summary: Recently-discovered manuscripts throw new light on Poincaré’s discovery of the Lorentz group, and his ether-based interpretation of the Lorentz transformation. At first, Poincaré postulated longitudinal contraction of bodies in motion with respect to the ether, and ignored time deformation. In April, 1909, he acknowledged time deformation due to translation, obtaining thereby a theory of relativity more compatible with those of Einstein and Minkowski.

MSC:

83-03 History of relativity and gravitational theory
83A05 Special relativity
01A55 History of mathematics in the 19th century
01A60 History of mathematics in the 20th century
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