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HOPE

swMATH ID: 21688
Software Authors: J. Akeret, L. Gamper, A. Amara, A. Refregier
Description: HOPE: A Python just-in-time compiler for astrophysical computations, Astronomy and Computing. The Python programming language is becoming increasingly popular for scientific applications due to its simplicity, versatility, and the broad range of its libraries. A drawback of this dynamic language, however, is its low runtime performance which limits its applicability for large simulations and for the analysis of large data sets, as is common in astrophysics and cosmology. While various frameworks have been developed to address this limitation, most focus on covering the complete language set, and either force the user to alter the code or are not able to reach the full speed of an optimised native compiled language. In order to combine the ease of Python and the speed of C++, we developed HOPE, a specialised Python just-in-time (JIT) compiler designed for numerical astrophysical applications. HOPE focuses on a subset of the language and is able to translate Python code into C++ while performing numerical optimisation on mathematical expressions at runtime. To enable the JIT compilation, the user only needs to add a decorator to the function definition. We assess the performance of HOPE by performing a series of benchmarks and compare its execution speed with that of plain Python, C++ and the other existing frameworks. We find that HOPE improves the performance compared to plain Python by a factor of 2 to 120, achieves speeds comparable to that of C++, and often exceeds the speed of the existing solutions. We discuss the differences between HOPE and the other frameworks, as well as future extensions of its capabilities. The fully documented HOPE package is available at http://hope.phys.ethz.ch and is published under the GPLv3 license on PyPI and GitHub.
Homepage: http://www.cosmology.ethz.ch/research/software-lab/HOPE.html
Related Software: Python; Nevergrad; NLopt; QEngine; SciPy; L-BFGS; WavePacket; NumPy; Jupyter; QuTiP; Krotov; COSMICS; CosmoSpec; iCosmo; CosmoHammer; CMBEASY; PyCosmo
Referenced in: 1 Publication

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