an:05226308
Zbl 1125.94026
Regev, Oded
New lattice-based cryptographic constructions
EN
J. ACM 51, No. 6, 899-942 (2004).
00215041
2004
j
94A60 68P25 68Q05 81P68
Summary: We introduce the use of Fourier analysis on lattices as an integral part of a lattice-based construction. The tools we develop provide an elegant description of certain Gaussian distributions around lattice points. Our results include two cryptographic constructions that are based on the worst-case hardness of the unique shortest vector problem. The main result is a new public key cryptosystem whose security guarantee is considerably stronger than previous results (\(O(n^{1.5})\) instead of \(O(n^7)\)). This provides the first alternative to Ajtai and Dwork's original 1996 cryptosystem. Our second result is a family of collision resistant hash functions with an improved security guarantee in terms of the unique shortest vector problem. Surprisingly, both results are derived from one theorem that presents two indistinguishable distributions on the segment \([0,1)\). It seems that this theorem can have further applications; as an example, we use it to solve an open problem in quantum computation related to the dihedral hidden subgroup problem.
Reviewer (Berlin)