an:07083110
Zbl 1418.35358
Choi, Woocheol; Kim, Seunghyeok
Minimal energy solutions to the fractional Lane-Emden system: existence and singularity formation
EN
Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 35, No. 3, 731-766 (2019).
0213-2230 2235-0616
2019
j
35R11 35A01 35B33 35B40 35J47
fractional Lane-Emden system; critical Sobolev hyperbola; minimal energy solution; asymptotic behavior
Summary: In this paper, we study asymptotic behavior of minimal energy solutions to the fractional Lane-Emden system in a smooth bounded domain \(\Omega\) \[(-\Delta)^s u = v^p,\ (-\Delta)^s v = u^q,\ u, v > 0\ \mathrm{in}\ \Omega \quad \mathrm{and} \quad u = v = 0\ \mathrm{on}\ \partial \Omega\] for \(0 < s < 1\) under the assumption that \((-\Delta)^s\) is the spectral fractional Laplacian and the subcritical pair \((p,q)\) approaches to the critical Sobolev hyperbola. If \(p = 1\), the above problem is reduced to the subcritical higher-order fractional Lane-Emden equation with the Navier boundary condition \[(-\Delta)^s u = u^{\frac{n+2s}{n-2s}-\epsilon},\ u > 0\ \mathrm{in}\ \Omega \quad \mathrm{and} \quad u = (-\Delta)^{s/2} u = 0\ \mathrm{on}\ \partial \Omega\] for \(1 < s < 2\). The main objective of this paper is to deduce the existence of minimal energy solutions, and to examine their (normalized) pointwise limits provided that \(\Omega\) is convex, generalizing the work of Guerra that studied the corresponding results in the local case \(s = 1\). As a by-product of our study, a new approach for the existence of an extremal function for the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality is provided.